The Planning, Programming, Budget, and Execution (PPBE) process (see PPBE Map) is one of three (3) processes (Acquisition, Requirements, and Funding) that support the Defense Acquisition System. The PPBE process is focused on Financial Management and resource allocation for current and future DoD acquisition programs. The process is established by the Secretary of Defense (SecDef) who provides priorities and goals under the main guidance of DoD Directive 7045.14 “Program Planning Budget & Execution (PPBE)” Process.
The PPBE process consists of four (4) distinct but overlapping phases:
- Planning: The Planning Phase of the PPBE Process is the definition and examination of alternative strategies, the analysis of changing conditions and trends, threats, technology, and economic assessments in conjunction with efforts to understand both change and the long-term implications of current choices.
- Programming: The Programming phase of the PPBE process defines and analyzes alternative force structures, weapon systems, and support systems together with their multi-year resource implications and the evaluation of various tradeoff options.
- Budgeting: The Budgeting phase of the PPBE process includes formulation, justification, execution, and control of the budget. The primary purpose is to scrutinize the first one or two years of a program’s budget to ensure efficient use of resources.
- Execution: The Execution phase of the PPBE process is the real-world application of the Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution process.
Presentation: Funds Management Platinum Card – July 2016
Quick Sheet: Funds Management Platinum Card – July 2016
Figure: PPBE Process Overview
Budget Preparation Schedule
- 1st Monday of February: Presidents Budget due to Congress
- February: Future Year Defense Program (FYDP) Updated
- April: DoD Send Defense Planning Guidance (DPG) to Services
- 30 July: Services submit Program Objective Memorandum (POM) and Budget Estimate Submission (BES) to OSD, CAPE, and OMB for Review (FYDP Updated)
- October – December: Joint OMB-OSD review leading to Resource Management Decision (RMD)
- December: DoD Budget Request sent to Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
AcqLinks and References:
-  Defense Acquisition Guidebook (DAG) – Chapter 1
- DoD Directive 7045.14 “Program Planning Budget & Execution (PPBE)” Process
- Funds Management Platinum Card – July 2016
- DoD Army PPBE Executive Overview
- DoD 7000.14-R Financial Management Regulation
- Presentation: Navy Budget PPBE System
- Report: Congressional Research Service PPBE Overview – 11 Dec 2020