PPBE Process

Program Objective Memorandum (POM)


A Program Objective Memorandum (POM) is a recommendation from the Services and Defense Agencies to the Secretary of Defense concerning how they plan to allocate resources for a program(s) to meet the Service Program Guidance (SPG) and Defense Planning Guidance (DPG). The POM covers the 5-year Future Year Defense Program (FYDP) and presents the Services and Defense Agencies proposal on how they will balance their allocation of available resources. The POM includes an analysis of missions, objectives, alternative methods to accomplish objectives, and allocation of resources.

The services, in the even years, submit their combined POM and Budget Estimate Submission (BES) in August. During the odd years, services only submit changes to the previous year’s combined POM and BES. Changes to the POM are known as Fact of Life Changes (FoLCs), while changes to the BES are known as Change Proposals (CPs).

A programs initial POM is developed during the Materiel Solutions Analysis (MSA) Phase.  The Initial Technical Review (ITR) is a technical review conducted during the MSA Phase to support a program’s initial POM submission.

Budget Preparation Schedule

POM Review
The POM is reviewed by program review teams comprising members from the military departments, Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), defense agencies, and OSD staff. The results of this review are presented to the Senior Level Review Group (SLRG) for discussion. In addition, the Joint Chiefs conduct a concurrent checks-and-balances review of POM, focusing on the balance and capabilities of the proposed forces levels. Both reviews are presented to the Secretary of Defense prior to his/her decisions in the Program Decision Memoranda (PDM).

PPBE Overview v3
The POM cannot be disclosed outside of DoD and other Government Agencies directly involved in the defense planning and resource allocation process.


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