The Future Years Defense Program (FYDP) (10 USC § 221) summarizes forces, resources and equipment associated with all DoD programs. The FYDP displays total DoD resources and force structure information for 6 years; current 2 budgeted years and 4 additional years.
The FYDP is updated two times during the Planning, Programming, Budgeting and Execution (PPBE) Process cycle:
- In August/September to reflect the Services combined Program Objective Memorandum (POM) / Budget Estimate Submission (BES) submission and
- In January of the following year to reflect the Presidents Budget (PB) that will be submitted to Congress the following month.
The FYDP is composed of 11 Major Force Programs (MFP) which are:
- Program 1: Strategic Forces*
- Program 2: General Purpose Forces*
- Program 3: Command, Control, Communications, Intelligence, and Space*
- Program 4: Mobility Forces*
- Program 5: Guard and Reserve Forces*
- Program 6: Research and Development
- Program 7: Central Supply and Maintenance
- Program 8: Training, Medical, and Other General Personnel Activities
- Program 9: Administration and Associated Activities
- Program 10: Support of Other Nations
- Program 11: Special Operations Forces*
* Those considered combat forces programs are marked by an asterisk.
The Program Element (PE) is the primary data element in the FYDP and normally the smallest aggregation of resources controlled by the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD). It generally represents a collection of functional or organizational entities and their related resources. PEs are designed and quantified to be comprehensive and mutually exclusive. There are over 3,600 active PEs. As the building blocks of the Programming and Budgeting phase of the PPBE Process, PEs are continually reviewed to maintain proper visibility into the multitude of defense programs. They may be aggregated in a variety of ways:
- To display total resources assigned to a specific program
- To display weapons systems and support systems within a program
- To select specified resources
- To display logical groupings for analytical purposes
- To identify selected functional groupings of resources
Budget Preparation Schedule
- February: FYDP Updated
- April: DoD Send Defense Planning Guidance (DPG) to Services
- 30 July: Services submit Program Objective Memorandum (POM) and Budget Estimate Submission (BES) to OSD, CAPE and OMB for POM Review (FYDP Updated)
- October – December: Joint OMB-OSD review leading to Resource Management Decision (RMD)
- December: DoD Budget Request sent to OMB
- 1st Monday of February: Presidents Budget due to Congress (FYDP Updated)
- The FYDP structure has changed in accordance with the Memorandum from the Deputy Secretary of Defense dated 9 April 2010.
- The graphic shows the two years included in the full FYDP for the FY06-11 PPBE cycle. For this cycle, FY04 is the prior year and FY05 is the current year. FY06 and FY07 are the two budget years and FY08 through FY11 are the out-years. FY12 through FY14 are the years for which only force level information is shown in the FYDP.
- The FYDP is considered an internal DoD working document and is generally “closely held” within DoD. Since the FYDP out-year programs reflect internal planning assumptions, FYDP data beyond the budget years is not released outside the Executive Branch without the permission of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) (USD(C)). However, after submission of the President’s Budget, DoD sends the Congressional oversight committees and the Congressional Budget Office FYDP information covering the budget years along with the two years preceding and the four years following the budget years.
AcqLinks and References:
- DoD Directive 7045.14 Program Planning Budget & Execution (PPBE) Process – 29 Aug 2017
- DoD 70450.7-H “FYDP Structure Handbook” – April 2004
- Memorandum from the Deputy Secretary of Defense – 9 April 2010
-  CJCSI 8501.01A “Combatant Commanders and Joint Staff Participation in the PPBE System” – 12 Feb 08
- Website: 10 USC § 221 “Future-years defense program: submission to Congress; consistency in budgeting”
- Tool: CSIS Comparison of DoD FYDPS