Determination and Findings (D&F) (FAR Subpart 1.7) is a special form of written approval by an authorized official that is required by statute or regulation as a prerequisite to taking certain contract actions. The “determination” is a conclusion or decision supported by the “findings.’’ The findings are statements of fact or rationale essential to support the determination and must cover each requirement of the statute or regulation. A D&F is normally for an individual contract action.


Class Determinations and Findings [1]

  • A class D&F provides authority for a class of contract actions. A class may consist of contract actions for the same or related supplies or services or other contract actions that require essentially identical justification.
  • The findings in a class D&F shall fully support the proposed action either for the class as a whole or for each action. A class D&F shall be for a specified period, with the expiration date stated in the document.
  • The contracting officer shall ensure that individual actions taken pursuant to the authority of a class D&F are within the scope of the D&F.


Each D&F should include: [1]

  • Identification of the agency and of the contracting activity and specific identification of the document as a “Determination and Findings.”
  • Nature and/or description of the action being approved.
  • Citation of the appropriate statute and/or regulation upon which the D&F is based.
  • Findings that detail the particular circumstances, facts, or reasoning essential to support the determination. Necessary supporting documentation shall be obtained from appropriate requirements and technical personnel.
  • A determination, based on the findings, that the proposed action is justified under the applicable statute or regulation.
  • The expiration date of the D&F, if required.
  • The signature of the official authorized to sign the D&F and the date signed.


AcqNotes and References:

Updated: 7/9/2018

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