The Initial Operational Capability (IOC) is a point in time during the Production & Deployment (PD) Phase where a system can meet the minimum operational (Threshold and Objective) capabilities for a user’s stated need. The operational capability consists of support, training, logistics, and system interoperability within the DoD operational environment. IOC is a good gauging point to see if there are any refinements needs before proceeding to Full Operational Capability (FOC).
After Initial Operational Capability (IOC)
The DoD conducts Post-Deployment Reviews (PDR) beginning at IOC and then nominally every three (3) to five (5) or when precipitated by changes in requirements/design or performance problems. These periodic assessments verify whether the fielded system continues to meet or exceed thresholds and objectives for cost, performance, and support parameters approved at the Full-Rate Production Decision (FRPD).
Full Operational Capability (FOC)
The Full Operational Capability (FOC) is when a system is delivered to a user and they have the ability to fully employ and maintain it to meet an operational need. The mission capabilities of a FOC system are defined in a system’s Capability Development Document (CDD) and Capability Production Document (CPD).
- See Capability Production Document (CPD) for threshold and objective requirements for a system.
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