Acquisition Process

Initial Operational Capability (IOC)

The Initial Operational Capability (IOC) is a point in time during the Production & Deployment (PD) Phase where a system can meet the minimum operational (Threshold and Objective) capabilities for a user’s stated need.  The operational capability consists of support, training, logistics, and system interoperability within the DoD operational environment.  IOC is a good gauging point to see if there are any refinements needs before proceeding to Full Operational Capability (FOC).

After Initial Operational Capability (IOC)

The DoD conducts Post-Deployment Reviews (PDR) beginning at IOC and then nominally every three (3) to five (5) or when precipitated by changes in requirements/design or performance problems. These periodic assessments verify whether the fielded system continues to meet or exceed thresholds and objectives for cost, performance, and support parameters approved at the Full-Rate Production Decision (FRPD).

Full Operational Capability (FOC)

The Full Operational Capability (FOC) is when a system is delivered to a user and they have the ability to fully employ and maintain it to meet an operational need. The mission capabilities of a FOC system are defined in a system’s Capability Development Document (CDD) and Capability Production Document (CPD).


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Updated: 6/25/2021

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