Applying DoD policy to Environmental Safety and Health (ESH) and complying with Federal laws are important aspects of managing programs. It’s important to start this at the beginning of any program, to reduce the risk of liability, lower cost and save time. Techniques used by Program Managers (PM) and Manufacturing Personnel to comply with ESH policies are included in:
The Use of MIL-STD-882E and NAS-411 are discretionary; however, these documents provide a foundation for which requirements and evaluation factors can be tailored to meet the ESH needs of a program.
MIL-STD-882E “Standard Practice for System Safety”
It defines the system safety requirements to perform throughout the life cycle for any system, new development, upgrade, modification, resolution of deficiencies, or technology development. It details procedures that provide uniform requirements for developing and implementing a program of sufficient comprehensiveness to identify (Risk Identification) the hazards of a system and to impose design requirements and management controls to prevent these hazards (Risk Mitigation) from occurring. Mil-STD-882E:
- Requires the use of risk management analytical techniques and principles to assess the probabilities of occurrence versus severity of hazards
- Provides a common approach across program and contractors
- Can be used as a yardstick to evaluate offeror’s proposals
- Reduce mishap risk to an acceptable level
- Verification of mishap risk reduction
- Tracks hazards, their closures, and residual mishap risk
- Is accepted by both government and industry
National Aerospace Standard – 411
NAS 411 is the commercial standard for contractors to reduce or eliminate hazardous material in all phases of a weapon system’s life cycle. NAS 411 provides a flexible process for managing hazardous materials in the acquisition and life cycle of a weapon system. The standard helps reduce hazardous materials usage and the generation of pollutants, not only during the manufacturing stage, but also during the operations and maintenance.
NAS 411 provides a uniform framework for contractors to identify, manage, minimize, and eliminate hazardous materials wherever possible. It was created by the Aerospace Industries and:
- Identifies and determines where and how to use hazardous materials through a list-based approach
- Emphasizes eliminating or reducing hazardous material early in the design of processes and system products
- Requires that materials and processes be evaluated based on environmental and health effects
- Assures hazardous materials that are not eliminated are under proper control.
- See Programmatic Environmental, Safety and Occupational Health Evaluation
- See Environmental Assessment (EA)
AcqLinks and References:
- Training: DAU PQM 101 Environmental Safety and Health Planning
- MIL-STD-882E “Standard Practice for System Safety” – 5 Nov 2012
- National Aerospace Standard – 411 “Hazardous Material Management Program”, 19 Jan 1995