Technology Development is the application of scientific methods to achieve a Department of Defense (DoD), commercial or industrial technology objectives. In the Acquisition Process, the Technology Maturation & Risk Reduction (TD) Phase develops and demonstrates prototype designs to reduce technical risk, validate designs, validate cost estimates, evaluate manufacturing processes, and refine requirements.
There are a number of technology initiatives that take place during the TD phase or independently from an acquisition program. These initiatives focus on developing technology from the concept phase into a mature technology. The process usually starts with a concept demonstration and is he matured technology development process such as prototyping. There are a number of technology development programs within the DoD that include:
- Advanced Technology Demonstration (ATD): Demonstrates the maturity and potential of advanced technologies for enhanced military operational capability or cost effectiveness.
- Advanced Technology Development: is a funded effort to develop technology for incorporation into system prototypes for field experiments and/or tests in a simulated environment.
- Independent Research & Development (IR&D): Technical research and development effort by industry that is not sponsored by, or required in performance of, a contract and that consists of projects lacking within the areas of basic and applied research and development, and other concept formulation studies.
- Technology Transition Initiative (TTI): A program that helps move technology from a Science and Technology (S&T) program into a DoD acquisition programs.
There are a couple initiatives in place for small businesses to help them with technology development. These programs are meant to harness the innovative talents of our nation’s small technology companies for U.S. military and economic strength. These initiatives include:
Topics that related to the actual process of technology development include:
- Technology Development Strategy (TDS)
- Technology Readiness Levels (TRL)
- Technology Readiness Assessment
- Technology Release Roadmap
- Technology Broad Agency Announcement (BAA)
- Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD)
AcqLinks and References:
- Defense Acquisition Guidebook (DAG) – Chapter 10
- Technology Readiness Assessment Deskbook – Appendix C
- Open Technology Development (OTD): Lessons Learned & Best Practices for Military Software, 16 May 2011
- DoD Directive 3204.1” IR&D and Bid and Proposal (B&P) Program, May 10, 1999
- DFARS 242.771 “Independent Research and Development and Bid and Proposal Costs”
- DFARS 231.2 “Contracts with Commercial Organizations”
- DoD SBIR/STTR Program Flyer
- TRL Cheat Sheet
- White Paper: FAR 31.205-18, R&D and B&P Cost by Karen L. Manos
- Website: Defense Innovation Marketplace
- Website: Army IR&D Program
- Website: Navy IR&D Program
- Website: US Gov. Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR)
- Website: US Gov. Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)
- Website: DoD SBIR – Small Business Innovated Research
Updated: 14 Aug 2017