Planning, Programming, Budget & Execution (PPBE) Process
- Overview: PPBE Process
- Overview: Financial Management
- (P) Planning
- (P) Programming
- (B) Budgeting
- (E) Execution
- PPBE Map - Flow Chart
- Appropriation Categories
- Budget Activity (BA)
- Budget Authority (BA)
- Budget Change Proposal (BCP)
- Budget Exhibits
- Color of Money
- Congress Authorization Committees
- Defense Acquisition Workforce
- Defense Planning Guidance (DPG)
- Enactment
- Future Year Defense Program (FYDP)
- Guidance for Development of Force
- Guidance for Employment of Force
- Impounded Resolution
- Inflation
- Joint Programming Guidance (JPG)
- Joint Urgent Operational Need (JUON)
- Major Budget Issue
- Major Force Program (MFP) 
- National Defense Budget (Green Book)
- National Defense Strategy (NDS)
- National Military Strategy (NMS)
- National Security Strategy (NSS)
- On Off Year
- Outlay
- PPBE Issues
- Program Budget Accounting System
- Pogram Budget Decision (PBD)
- Program Change Proposal (PCP)
- Program Element (PE)
- Program Decision Memorandum (PDM)
- Program Executive Officer (PEO)
- Program Management Office (PMO)
- Program Objective Memorandum (POM)
- Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR)
- RDT&E Programs Budget Exhibit
- Resource Management Decision (RMD)
- Strategic Planning Guidance (SPG)
- Test and Evaluation Funding
- Total Obligation Authority (TOA)
- Type of Funds
- Unit Cost Report (UCR)
PPBE Process
PPBE Overview

The Planning, Programing, Budget and Execution (PPBE) process (see PPBE Map) is one of three Procurement Processes that make up the defense acquisition system. The PPBE process is focused on the Financial Management and resource allocation for current and future DoD acquisition programs. It’s established by the Secretary of Defense who provides priorities and goals. The PPBE cycle is intended to be a biennial process (that is, conducted every two years).

The PPBE process consists of four (4) distinct but overlapping phases:
  1. Planning: The Planning phase of the PPBE Process is the definition and examination of alternative strategies, the analysis of changing conditions and trends, threat, technology, and economic assessments in conjunction with efforts to understand both change and the long-term implications of current choices.
  2. Programming: The Programming phase of the PPBE process defines and analyzes alternative force structures, weapon systems, and support systems together with their multi-year resource implications and the evaluation of various tradeoff options.
  3. Budgeting: The Budgeting phase of the PPBE process includes formulation, justification, execution, and control of the budget.
  4. Execution: The Execution phase of the PPBE process is the real world application of the Planning, Programming, Budgeting and Execution process. (See Financial Management section)


DoD Army PPBE Executive Overview

The PPBE runs on a two year biennial budget cycle with On and Off year budget programming. [1]

PPBE Process

                                                              Figure: PPBE Process Overview

See Financial Management section

AcqLinks and References:
- [1] Defense Acquisition Guidebook (DAG) - Chapter 1.2
- DoD Army PPBE Executive Overview
Procedures and Schedule for FY 10-15 Integrated Program and Budget Review
DoD 7000.14-R Financial Management Regulation
- DoD Inflation Handbook (2006), Chapter 6.6
- National Defense Strategy
- National Security Strategy
- National Military Strategy
- Presentation: Navy Budget PPBE System
- Website: DoD Comptroller Defense Budget Materials
- Website: Defense Acquisition Portal – PPBE  
- Tutorial: PPBE Overview

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